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agriculture

Rampant Hybridizations !

Rampant Hybridizations !

Rampant hybridization is the name of the game ! In the name of higher production we go for it. In the run for higher quantity we are compromising quality !

This is evident in the whole of scientific echelon ! You see scientists have evolved Tigon and Liger. But none of the two are nowhere in between their parents in terms of strength ! They are not even viable enough for the next generations ! So what is the need for this ! Just for academic, scientific pursuits ! Tiger and Lion are two separate species. This is not only highly unethical, but also very harmful for the ecology.

 

 

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agriculture

Don’t Indulge in Blame Game !

Don’t Indulge in Blame Game !

Don’t Indulge in Blame Game ! Do your bit what you can ! Play your part well. You have a role. You know what you can do. You know what good you can do for others and yourselves and the society around you and at large !

You might be a part of a network where things are not always good. Do your bit to motivate others to correct those activities and people.

Nowadays we see people using harmful materials to color, dye fruits and vegetables. The real educated people must take responsibility to correct these.

Don’t you see more number of people suffering from tumor and cancer ? Any doubt , any queries ? Please check with people around you.

 

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agriculture

Farmer-Dealer-Expert Complex Contd.2

Farmer-Dealer-Expert Complex Contd.2

The dealers are in a way extension workers for transfer of agri-technologies to the farmers !

This is due to their close relation with the Private Company representatives ! They receive information from the Sales Representatives and pass them to the farmers. So the dealers in a way act as the bridges between the Pesticide industry and the farmer .

Th Company Representatives have Formal education of agriculture from Agricultural Universities which the dealers don’t have. The dealers are generally the school drop-outs , whereas the Representatives are the graduates in agricultural education. Sometimes they are even post-graduates and doctorate. The dealers may also have graduate and post-graduate degrees, but very rarely. But very few of them have even graduation in agriculture !

This makes a qualitative difference between the dealers and the sales representatives. The Sales Representatives are in a position to understand the basic rationale of pesticide application and their doses and implication of over doses and application.

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agriculture

Farmer-Dealer-Expert Complex Contd.1

Farmer-Dealer-Expert Complex…..Contd.1

The dealers are always not to be blamed as well ! They are also a part and parcel of the society and affected by the human factors. In our modern-day context consumerism has affected everybody. All of us want to become rich within the shortest possible time !

So it is very natural that they will try to earn more like all other people of the society.

Coupled with this, lack of proper education and training have a great role to play !

They don’t know how ‘over-doses’ of pesticides can affect human, animal and ecological health. They are not aware the direct and indirect effects on their own health and health of their children and other family members !

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Uncategorized

Farmer-Dealer-Expert Complex

Pesticide dealers are there to sell more to farmers as they more of incentives when they can sell more for their Companies and Sales Representatives. These pesticide and fertilizer dealers are least concerned about the prescribed doses inscripted on the labels and motivate the farmers to use more than recommended doses to get more “realistic and practical” results. Farmers are offered these inputs on credit by the dealers making the farmers kind of “liable” to follow their advices. The dealers and farmers are educated not to a desirable level so as to understand which is better for their own health and the environment. The dealers are mostly guided by their profit motivation and the farmers for their own survival and/or profit. Very few farmers are in a position to think of the society and the environment as they in a vulnerable economic condition.

It is not that the farmers and the dealers are totally ignorant of the harmful effects of chemicals on crops for human health. Rather it is a question of survival for them.

To make the matter clear, let us take the example of paddy crop. Paddy is a major crop for the farmers. In the rainy season the entire area of the land under possession of the farmer is covered by paddy crop. And that also by just a few number of varieties. So if the crop fails through the attack of some pests in a year, the farmer is ruined. He will not be able to pay back his debt to the dealer which he has taken as a loan on the condition that he will pay back after the sale of his produce. He is, therefore, desperate to apply what the dealers advice them to apply in his field crops. The dealers are more educated on an average than the farmers. The farmers are gullible as well. And this is vicious cycle.

It is very difficult to get out of this vicious cycle. This is blame game as well. The dealers are less educated than the officials dealing with these ‘safety’ issues. In most cases the dealers tend to defy the safety standards prescribed by the State officials. The dealers criticize the officials’ prescriptions as more “bookish” than “realistic”. They take the farmers with them to “laugh at” the knowledge and wisdom of the officials. They are also “jealous” of the officials as the officials are in better economic position. I don’t say this is quite universal. There is exception. But they are very few. Some programmes have been taken nowadays to address this situation and to educate the farmers and dealers about the hazards of undue and overuse of chemicals in agriculture.

This Farmer-Dealer-Expert Complex in Input-Supply Sector is an important factor affecting recommended application of input , especially pesticides in agriculture. Farming is not always a business, rather it is a subsistence livelihood for most of the farmers. But to the dealers it is a business. And who are the dealers ? The dealers are those who come to this business when they cannot pursue higher studies and cannot practice agriculture as their livelihood or profession. The dealers are those who could not get chance to pursue higher degree courses in agriculture like his friend but got the ‘chance’ to make money out of agricultural business.

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agriculture

Paddy Earhead Shedding

Paddy Earhead Shedding :

This has been evident since the introduction of chemicals, viz. fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides. But who cares ? We are nonchalant so far as we get ‘higher’ productivity!

The ear-heads in those days used to be shredded more because tall varieties were in vogue then. The traditional tall variety straw was tall and the varieties would lodge with the weight of the paddy ear-head grains to the ground, sometimes moist ground, thus giving way to breaking off of the ear-heads.

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agriculture

Childhood Memories ….

Childhood Memories ….

I clearly remember my childhood days. I used to collect fallen paddy ear-heads from the paddy fields along with my elder sister just after the paddy crop had been harvested. We used to the stumble upon the “Earthworm Soils’ ( locally termed as “kechomati” ) which were hard and injuring to the bare feet causing bruises and bleeding.

In those days the little children used to collect the ripe, severed, fallen paddy ear-heads from the fields to collect pocket money of their own ! This had been a great fun for them in paddy harvest season leading to several harvest festivals known as Navanna”, “Poush sankranti”.

The ‘collection’ of the ripe paddy ear-heads had not been a joint enterprise, rather it had been separate enterprises for us. So it used to be highly competitive task with my elder sister racing towards picking up more ear-heads than me and vice versa. This would be more joyful under the mild winter sun with other people of our village engaged in their paddy harvesting, dumping, loading and carrying activities around. All of the villagers are generally well-acquainted with each other. At that time the relationship would be better than we see nowadays and there would be an atmosphere of amity and comity in the meadow where harvesting operations used to be an occasion of joy and happiness for all and sundry.

In our joy over collecting the paddy ear-heads we used to forget of the bruises and pains of stumbling over the hard earthworms dunes which would be very frequent in numbers. And nowadays , you will not find those earthworm dunes in the paddy fields. This is just unthinkable ! The soil have become more solidified and hardened reflecting more heat to the atmosphere, absorbing and stabilizing less of it.

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agriculture

Bad Effects of Nitrogenous Fertilizers !

Bad Effects of Nitrogenous Fertilizers !
These nitrogenous chemical fertilizers ( namely urea ) have corrosive effect on the soil and make the soil ‘hard’ ! The microbes living in the soil are killed. Such hard soils become hot quickly and add to global warming ! And the use of pesticides makes the soil add to this as it kills the earthworms. Nowadays the crop fields are devoid of earthworms. Earthworms are termed as “friends of farmers”. Now the young farmers are perhaps unaware of this ! The earthworms dig the soil, aerate the soil making it more fertile. Very simply. The earthworms are dying out of starvation and poisoning . The herbicides and pesticides kills the soil microbes which are actually the food of the earthworms. The earthworms consume soil with microbes and excrete. The excreta makes the soil fertile. They also aerate the soil through burrowing. When these earthworms are gone, the soil health is deeply hampered. Nowadays earthworms are not found in paddy fields! This is very serious indication to te damage to soil ecology that we have overlooked for decades while we have become health and fitness-freak ! The earthworms are bio-indicators . When they are gone, the signal is grave that something is wrong !
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agriculture

A Vicious Cycle !

A Vicious Cycle

Farmers are also reluctant to use the most required dose of organic manures for the same reason of lack of visible effect. Organic manures are also difficult to be available as greater rate of mechanization have led to less number of cattle they are to raise in their farmyard. These are not or less available in the locality either, because there are less of empty land nowadays where the poor people can graze their cattle hassle-free. If there are cropped land almost everywhere around, the cattle cannot graze freely, the cattle of the poor landless farmers can graze the crops bringing compensation from the farmers.

In brief, farmers use only Nitrogenous fertilizer (Urea) to the full recommended dose or more and in this way invite more pests to their crops which again compel them to use more chemical pesticides.

This is a vicious cycle. Nitrogenous fertilizers are easy to use and produce greater visible effects on crops. The farmers put in more of urea as nitrogenous fertilizers. The luxurious growth of crops invite pests and the farmers have to run to apply pesticides to save the crops.

Use of only nitrogenous fertilizers makes the crops vulnerable to insect and disease pest attack as the crops tend to become dark green, sappier and tenderer. The pests are lured to attack such crops. So the farmers have to invest more in pesticides to save the crops.

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agriculture

HYVs Precede Chemicals ?

HYVs Precede Chemicals ?

High Yielding Varieties Precede the Use of Chemicals in Agriculture ?

High Yielding Varieties in the 1960s is a major development in agriculture. The dwarf varieties replaced the tall varieties. The dwarf varieties can carry higher grain loads without lodging. But they consume higher amount of chemical fertilizers. The farmers use only Nitrogenous fertilizers, namely Urea, which makes the crops visibly luxuriant and at the same time succulent.

HYVs are meant to consume higher dose of chemical fertilizers to yield more. But in the field level it is seen that the farmers are tempted to use only Urea as the source of Nitrogenous fertilizer and remain satisfied with their crop growth which are deep green and sappy making the crops attractive to insect and disease pests. They are reluctant to use basic other fertilizers dose of Phosphate and Potash fertilizers which makes the crops hardy, resistant and capable of more yield bearing, because these two types of fertilizers have less of visible impact on crops.